Prospect of fracturing technology combining with natural gas hydrate mining technology
ZHAO Heng1,2, ZHANG Yi3
1. School of Engineering and Technology, China University of Geosciences, Beijing 100083, China; 2. Key Laboratory of Deep Geodrilling Technology, Ministry of Land Resources of China, Beijing 100083, China; 3. Chengdu Geological Engineering Exploration Institute for Building Materials, Chengdu 610052, China
Abstract: The research process on combustible ice (natural gas hydrate) is introduced and the available technologies for mining combustible ice are summarized.The mining technology that combines the fracturing technology with carbon dioxide replacement technology is introduced in detail and the application prospect for using these two technologies together in exploitation of combustible ice is analyzed.This combined technology has many advantages and is expected to have wide application prospects in the future.The advantages of the combined technology are evaluated from the perspectives of natural gas production,safety,economy and environmental protection,and the problems and direction of this technology are analyzed.
 刘玉山,祝有海,吴必豪.天然气水合物——21世纪的新能源[J].矿床地质,2012,31(2):401-404.  刘勇健,等.未来新能源可燃冰的成因与环境岩土问题分析[J].广东工业大学学报,2010,27(3):83-87.  Xu C G,Cai J,Lin F H,et al.Raman analysis on methane production from natural gas hydrate by carbon dioxide-methane replacement[J].Energy,2015,79:111-116.  Moridis G J,Collett T S,Boswell R,et al.Toward production from gas hydrates:Current status,assessment of resources,and simulation-based evaluation of technology and potential[J].SPE Reserv Eval Eng,2009,12:745-771.  Yamamoto K.Overview and introduction:Pressure core-sampling and analyses in the 2012-2013 MH21 offshore test of gas production from methane hydrates in the Eastern Nankai Trough[J].Mar Pet Geol,2015,66:296-309.  高大统."可燃冰"的工业化开采前景分析[J].北京石油管理干部学院学报,2017,(6):53-57.  Baltimore S R,Collett T S,Taylor A E,et al.Scientific results from the mallik 2002 gas hydrate production research well program,mackenzie delta,northwest territories,Canada;bulletin 585[J].Bulletin of the Geological Survey of Canada,2005,7:585.  Collett T S.Evaluation of long-term gas-hydrate-production testing locations on the a laska North Slope[C].OTC Arctic Technology Conference,2011.  Makogon Y F,Holditeh S A,Makogon T Y.Russian field illustrates gas-hydrate production[J].Oil and Gas Journal,2005,103:43-47.  Jin Guangrong,Xu Tianfu,Xin Xin,et al.Numerical evaluation of the methane production from unconfined gas hydrate-bearing sediment by thermal stimulation and depressurization in Shenhu area,South China Sea[J].Journal of Natural Gas Science and Engineering,2016,33:497-508.  Song Yongchen,Zhang Lunxiang,Lv Qin,et al.Assessment of gas production from natural gas hydrate using depressurization,thermal stimulation and combined methods[J].RSC Advances,2016,6(53):47357-47367.  Hideki Minagawa.Depressurization and electrical heating of hydrate sediment for gas production:Laboratory-scale experiments[J].Journal of Natural Gas Science and Engineering,2018,50:147-156.  Ankit Guptaa,Avi Aggarwal.Gas hydrates extraction by swapping-depressurization method[C].Offshore Technology Conference-Asia,2014.  唐良广,冯自平,李小森,等.海洋渗漏型天然气水合物开采的新模式[J].能源工程,2006,(1):15-18.  Singh S,Arora A.Techniques for exploitation of gas hydrate (clathrates) an untapped resource of methane gas[J].J Microb Biochem Technol,2015,7:108-111.  Takeshi Komai.Numerical simulation of gas hydrate bearing sediments for enhanced recovery using partial oxidation method[C].International Ocean and Polar Engineering Conference,2015.  Too J L,Loh M,Linga P,et al.Hydraulic fracturing of hydrates to increase the production of methance hydrate[C].Proceedings of the 8th international conference on gas hydrates(ICGH8-2014).Beijing,China:2014.  吴传芝,赵克斌,孙长青,等.天然气水合物开采技术研究进展[J].地质科技情报,2016,35(6):243-250.  宁伏龙,蒋国盛,汤凤林,等.利用地热开采海底天然气水合物[J].天然气工业,2006,26(12):136-138.  Su Z,Li H,Wu N Y,et al.Effect of thermal stimulation on gas production from hydrate deposits in Shenhu area of the South China Sea[J].Earth Sci,2013,56:601-610.  Zhang K N,Moridis G J,Wu N Y,et al.Evaluation of alternative horizontal well designs for gas production from hydrate deposits in the Shenhu Area,South China Sea[C].In Proceedings of the International Oil and Gas Conference and Exhibition in China,Beijing,China,8-10 June,2010.  Li G,Li X S,Zhang K N,et al.Effects of impermeable boundaries on gas production from hydrate accumulations in the Shenhu area of the south China sea[J].Energies,2013,6:4078-4096.  Hu L T,Zhang K N,Gao T.Numerical studies of gas hydrate production from gas hydrate zong using heat injection and depressurization in Shenhu area,the South China Sea[J].Geoscience,2011,25:675-682.  Qorbani K,Kvamme B,Kuznetsova T.Using a reactive transport simulator to simulate CH4 production from bear island basin in the Barents Sea utilizing the depressurization method[J].Energies,2017,10:187.  Ruan X,Li X S,Xu C G.Numerical investigation of the production behavior of methane hydrate under depressurization conditions combined with well-wall heating[J].Energies,2017,10:161.  Sun Y H,Li B,Wei G.Comparative analysis of a production trial and numerical simulations of gas production from multilayer hydrate deposits in the qilian mountain permafrost[J].J Nat Gas Sci Eng,2014,21:456-466.  Chen Chen,Lin Yang,Rui Jia.Simulation study on the effect of fracturing technology on the production efficiency of natural gas hydrate[J].Energies,2017,10(8):1-16.  Phillips O M.Flow and reactions in permeable in permeable rocks[M].Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,1991:9-11.  Verma A,Pruess K.Thermohydrologic conditions and silica redistribution near high-level nuclear wastes emplaced in saturated geological formations[J].J Geophys Res,1988,93:1159-1173.  Yezdimer E M,Cummings P T,Chialvo A A.Determination of the Gibbs free energy of gas replacement in SI clathrate hydrates by molecular simulation[J].The Journal of Physical Chemistry A,2002,106(34):7982-7987.  Birkedal K A,Hauge L P,Graue A,et al.Transport mechanisms for CO2-CH4 exchange and safe CO2 storage in hydrate-bearing sandstone[J].Energies,2015,8:4073-4095.  Song Y,Zhang L,Lv Q,et al.Assessment of gas production from natural gas hydrate using depressurization,thermal stimulation and combined method[J].RSC Adv,2016,6:47357-47367.